Alzheimers Disease has become very popular among a number of patients in the countries like the US, especially, in the older patients. The patients suffering with the disease face significant complications in thinking, understanding and communicating. A disease leads to a severe damage in the brain and memory. The sickness leads to negative affects in a person’s normal family life, social gathering and a normal individuality. The disease shows a slow progress inside the brain resulting in a severe grievance in the memory. It creates a disturbance in almost all those works which are been derived by the brain. Many times, the sickness takes years to increase. This mental illness can occur due to an injury inside the brain, an existence cancerous cells or tumors, hypertension or high blood pressure, diabetes, coronary artery disease or an increasing level of cholesterol in the blood. Medical experts say that the person, who has a less grade of education, can also develop this disease.
The illness begins with a simple kind of confusion and memory loss, which later develops a significant difficulty in the learning, assuming and imaging process inside the brain. Memory loss is one of the most imperative Alzheimers symptoms. The person who suffers with the illness can forget even recent conversations and appointments. He/she can forget or misplace important things, can forget names and they can even keep things in wrong places. They can also have problems related to alphabets and numbers. The patient will also face difficulty in searching correct words, sentences, time and dates. They can even be uncomfortable in some certain situations and even inside his/her own family or friends. The disease can also lead to extreme anxiety, aggressiveness, social departure, increase in stubbornness and severe mood swings. These kinds of people loss their conviction. The patient will also face problems in everyday works like cooking and those works, which need a proper preparation.
Usually, the physical expert diagnosis the sickness through the patient’s current health and mental status and the earlier period of his illness. These conditions help the doctors to have a go for a correct treatment. In this judgment the doctors check how much the patient is facing problem in daily work, if the patient has a History of any mental disorder, his memory, employment standing and his/her reactions in some significant situations. The doctors also check if the patient is taking any kind of medications or drugs. The other tests include a mini-mental state exam like for example his counting skills, skills of solving problems and most importantly, the patient’s skills of concentration.
In a treatment process of alzheimer, the medical experts suggest medications including some therapeutic methods for the treatment. Currently, the US Food and Drug Association or FDA has approved two categories of medications in the treatment of the disease. These medications are named as partial glutamate antagonists and cholinesterase inhibitors. These medications do not give a complete cure but can provide a relief to the disorder to certain extend. The medications named as Cholinesterase inhibitors or ChEIs like the rivastigmine or Exelon, donepezil hydrochloride or Aricept, rivastigmine or Exelon, and tacrine or Cognex. These medications are been approved by the Food and Drug Association or FDA. The medical studies say that the patient sufferings with the sickness have a significant lack in the chemical neurotransmitters inside the brain, which is known as acetylcholine. It is a very important element inside the brain, which leads in the configuration of new memories. The medications CHEIS helps to reproduce the acetylcholine elements produce and improve new memories. The other medications partial glutamate antagonists help to maintain the level of glutamate inside the brain.
Medical experts say that Glutamate is a very important excitatory neurotransmitter inside the brain and an extra production of these elements can lead to negative affects inside the brain. There are also some other kind treatments, which are known as non-medication based treatments. These methods of treatment help to maximize the patient’s involvement and improvement in the events and other works of the society. Like for example providing guidance to the patient’s standing, sitting, walking and talking methods. The other process is known as Cognitive rehabilitation, where the medical experts suggest the patient to apply computer programs and train the memory. Some other medications include trazodone or Dessyrel, antipsychotics, anxiolytics and mood-stabilizing anticonvulsants. Some of the atypical antipsychotic agents like risperidone or Rispeerdal , olanzapine or Zyprexa or Zydis, Geodon or Ziprasisone etc. The patients who are suffering with anxiety or depression are suggested to have an intake of fluoxetine, citalopram, setraline or Zoloft etc. These medications are known as serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The patients who are suffering with insomnia due to Alzheimer are generally advised to have an intake of trazodone or Desyrel. Physical experts also suggest the patients to adopt measures to improve the sleep process and reduce the intake of nighttime medications.