Dissociative Identity Disorder

These two personalities customarily dominate the individual’s behavior with associated memory absence until it becomes beyond normal forgetfulness. It is also evident that memory loss will occur in those with dissociative identity disorder when the opposite part f the personality becomes prevailing. The diagnosis of this condition is highly sensitive for some manifestation of co-morbidity and overlapping symptoms occur also in dissociative identity behavior. The continent of North America greatly suffered from this condition compare to other parts of the world.

Common Symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder

            Among the prevailing symptoms of dissociative identity disorder are current memory loss of everyday events, depersonalization, depression, derealization, disruption of identity characterized by two or more distinct personality states, distortion or loss of subjective time, flashbacks of abuse, frequent panic or anxiety attacks, identity confusion, mood swings, multiple mannerisms, paranoia, pseudoseizures, psychotic-like symptoms, self-alteration, somatic symptoms, sudden anger, spontaneous trance states, suicidal attempts and self injury as well as unexplainable phobias. The alternating personality is the distinctive characteristic of dissociative identity disorder. Although the distinction has been strained between an egoism and alternating behavior, still their meanings undergo further documentation. It is not necessarily that dissociative identity disorder contains multiple manifestations; the psychiatric history of individuals diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder could trace the possible roots of the disorder.

Major Cause

The validation of dissociative identity is attributed to extreme stress or attachment. Possibly due to their greater use of imagination as a form of coping may be expressed as posttraumatic stress disorder in adults may become dissociative identity disorder. The necessary component of dissociative identity disorder is found in the specific relationship of childhood abuse, disorganized attachment and lack of social support. Parenting style, temperament, genetic predisposition and inversion of the parent-child relationship may also affect the development of the child. The innate ability of children in general to dissociate memories or experiences from consciousness may also include in the insufficient childhood nurturance. There are also reports that the repeated severe physical and sexual abuse during mid childhood may also trigger dissociative identity disorder.


Eclectic mix of psychotherapy techniques including cognitive behavioral therapy, insight-oriented therapies, dialectical behavioral therapy, hypnotherapy and eye movement desentization and reprocessing are the common treatment methods for dissociative identity disorder though general lack of awareness in the diagnosis and treatment is unavoidable. Responding to a single identity and the use more traditional therapy are initially use by some behavioral therapists. Individuals diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder may have unusual difficulties in trusting therapists making the brief treatment difficult. Therapy for DID has alternation may appear based on their general mental ability to deal with specific situational stresses or threats. The integration of adaptive responses to abuse, injury or other threats into the overall personality structure is more realistic and appropriate goal of treatment.