Sleep Disorder or ‘Somnipathy’ is a medical condition concerning the sleep-wake cycle of a person. Normally, humans sleep during night and wakes during days. Though, the amount or time of sleep could vary by the person’s particular age. The general sleeping time among adults is seven to eight hours a day.
But when sleep already interferes with physical, emotional, and mental functioning – it becomes a sleep disorder. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with work schedules and daily activities.
What are the Common Types of Sleep Disorders
Insomnia – The chronic difficulty of falling asleep. Persons with Insomnia are unable to stay asleep at night and usually experiences daytime fatigue.
Sleep Walking – Also called Somnambulism. A person with this type of sleep disorder engage in activities that is normally done when awake but without the conscious knowledge of the person. Ex. walking or standing up in bed
Nocturia – A person with nocturia, frequently urinates at night.
Narcolepsy – The chronic difficulty of staying at awake at daytime or excessive daytime sleepiness. A person with Narcolepsy experiences daytime fatigue and often falls asleep at inappropriate hours.
Restless Leg Syndrome – The unavoidable need or urge to move legs upon sleeping. This is usually manifested by kicking, rubbing, or twitching leg movements at nights and even when awake.
Night Terrors – Also called pavor noctumus. It is the abrupt awakening from sleep due to a consistent behavior associated with terror. The person will then go back to sleep after experiencing the episode and can rarely recall the episode.
Persons with potential sleep disorders usually undergoes a test called Polysomnography.