Exodus 21-25

Exodus (Going Out)

Chapters 21-25

Fair Treatment of Workers

          21[1-6] “Now these are the rules which you’ll give them. If you buy a Hebrew servant, they’ll serve six years and in the seventh they’ll go free without paying anything. If that person comes in alone, they’ll go out alone. If the person is married, then the spouse will be free too. If you give the person a spouse and they have sons or daughters, the spouse and the children will stay with you, but the servant will be freed. But if the servant plainly says, `I love my master, my spouse, and my children. I won’t go free; then you’ll bring the servant to God, and will bring them to the door or to the door-post, and you’ll pierce their ear, and they’ll serve you for ever.

     [7-11] “If someone sells his daughter to be a maid-servant, she’ll not go free as the men-servants do. If she doesn’t please her master, who has married her, then he’ll let her be bought back. God’ll have no right to sell her to a foreign people, seeing he has dealt dishonestly with her. If he marries her to his son, he’ll deal with her like a daughter. If he takes another wife, he’ll not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights. If he doesn’t do these three things for her, she may go free without paying any money.

     [12-14] “Anyone who hits another so that the person dies will without a doubt be put to death, but not if it’s an accident. If God lets it to happen, then I’ll choose you a place where the person can go to be safe. But if someone plans and comes forcefully on another to kill them, you’ll take them to be judged, and put them to death.

     [15] “Anyone who attacks their father or mother will without a doubt be put to death.

     [16] “Anyone who kidnaps someone and sells them, or if they’re found in their control, the one who kidnapped them will without a doubt be put to death.

     [17] “Anyone who curses their father or mother will without a doubt be put to death.

     [18-19] “If two people fight and one hits the other with something, or with a fist, and the person who is hit doesn’t die, but has to stay in bed; if they get up again and walk around with a cane, then the one who hit them will be cleared but must pay for the loss of their time, and will pay for their care until they’re completely healed.

     [20-21] “If someone beats a male or female servant, and the servant dies under their hand, the one who beat them will without a doubt be punished. But if the servant gets up after a day or two, the one who beat them won’t be punished, because the servant is their property.

     [22-25] “If people fight and hurt a pregnant woman so that she miscarries her baby, and yet no damage follows, they’ll be without a doubt fined as much as the woman’s husband demands and the judges will let. But if any more damage follows, then you must punish the one who hurt her equally for the damage they caused.

     [26-27] “If someone hits a servant’s eye, and destroys it, they’ll let them go free for their eye’s sake. If he hits out a servant’s tooth, they’ll let them go free for their tooth’s sake.

     [28-32] “If a bull gores someone to death, the bull will without a doubt be killed, and its meat won’t be eaten; but the owner of the bull won’t be held responsible. But if the bull had a habit of goring in the past, and it has been told to the owner, who has not kept it in, and it has killed someone, then the bull will be killed, and its owner will also be put to death.  If a ransom is put on that person, then they’ll pay to save their life whatever amount is laid on them. Whether it has gored a son or a daughter, it’ll be done as this judgment says. If the bull gores someone-servant, thirty shekels of silver will be given to their master, and the ox will be killed.

     [33-34] “If someone opens a pit, or if someone digs a pit and doesn’t cover it, and a bull or a donkey falls into it, the owner of the pit will make it good and pay its owner for it, and the dead animal will be theirs.

     [35-36] “If one man’s bull hurts another’s, so that it dies, then they’ll sell the live bull, and divide its price; and they’ll also divide the dead animal. But if it’s known that the bull was in the habit of goring in the past, and its owner has not kept it in, the owner will without a doubt pay bull for bull, and the dead animal will be theirs.

     22[1-4] “If someone steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; they’ll pay five for one cattle, and four for one sheep. If the thief is found breaking in, and is hit and dies, the owner won’t be guilty of bloodshed for the thief. If the sun has come up, the thief will be guilty for any bloodshed and they’ll pay the owner back for any losses. If they have nothing, then they’ll be sold for their theft. If the stolen animal is found in their hand alive, they’ll pay double.

     [5] “If someone causes a field or vineyard to be eaten by letting their animal loose, and it grazes in someone else’s field, they’ll pay the owner back from the best of their own field, and vineyard.

     [6] “If fire breaks out, and catches in thorns so that the shocks of grain, or the standing grain, or the field are burnt up; whoever started the fire will without a doubt pay the owner back.

     [7-8] “If someone asks a friend to keep their money or stuff for them, and it’s stolen out of their house; if the thief is found, the thief will pay double. If the thief isn’t found, then the owner of the house will come to be judged, to see if they haven’t taken it themselves.

     [9] For any kind of argument, whether it be over an animal, or clothing, or anything that’s lost, where one says, `This is mine,` both parties will come to be judged. The one who is found guilty will pay double to the other.

     [10-13] “If someone asks a friend to keep an animal, and it dies or is injured, or driven away, but no one sees it; then they must make a promise before God between them both, that they haven’t taken what belonged to the other; and the owner of it will accept it, and the other won’t have to pay them back for it. But if it’s been stolen, they’ll make restitution to the owner. If it’s torn in pieces, let them bring it for evidence. They’ll not make good what was torn.

     [14-15] “If someone borrows something from a friend, and it’s injured, or dies, the owner of it not being with it, the one who borrowed it will without a doubt pay the owner back. If the owner is with it, the other won’t have to make it good. If it has been leased, it came for its lease.

     [16-17] “If someone tempts a young girl who isn’t promised in marriage, and has sex with her, he’ll without a doubt make her his wife. If her father won’t give her to him, he’ll pay the price of a bride.

     [18] “Don’t let a witch live.

     [19] “Whoever has sex with an animal will without a doubt be put to death.

     [20] “Anyone who sacrifices to any god, except to Yahweh only, will be put to death.

     [21] “Don’t wrong a foreigner, nor keep them down, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

     [22] “Don’t take advantage of any death survivor or a child without a parent. If you take advantage of them at all, and they cry at all to Me, I’ll without a doubt hear their cry; and My anger will grow, and I’ll kill you; and then your spouse will be a death survivor, and your children will be without a parent, too.

     [25-27] “If you lend money to any of My people with you who is poor, don’t be a creditor to them; don’t charge interest to them. If you take their coat as collateral, you’ll restore it before the sun goes down, that being their only covering, it’s a coat for their skin. What would they sleep in? And when he cries to Me, I’ll hear, for I Am understanding.

     [28] “Don’t disrespect God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

     [29-30] Don’t put off giving Me the first of your harvest and your juices. And dedicate the firstborn of your sons to Me. Do the same with your oxen and with your sheep. It will stay with its mother for seven days, then on the eighth day you’ll give it Me.

     [31] Dedicate yourselves to Me, and don’t eat any meat that is torn by animals in the field. Throw it to the dogs.

     23[1] “Don’t spread lies. Don’t join with evil people to be a liar against someone.

     [2-3] Don’t follow a crowd to do evil; nor speak in an argument to side with a crowd to be unfair; nor take the side of a poor person unfairly.

     [4-5] “If you see your enemy’s animal is lost, you’ll without a doubt bring it back to them again.  If you see the animal of your enemy has fallen down, don’t leave it; you’ll without a doubt help it up.

     [6] “Don’t be unfair to poor people when they have a problem.

     [7] “Stay away from anything false, and don’t kill the innocent and righteous because I won’t excuse evil.

     [8] Take no bribes, because someone who takes a bribe won’t see the truth and changes the words of the righteous.

     [9] “Don’t keep a foreigner down, for you know the heart of a foreigner, seeing that you were one in the land of Egypt.

     [10-11] “For six years you’ll plant your land, and will gather what it grows, but the seventh year you’ll let it rest and not till it, so that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave the animal of the field will eat. Do the same with your vineyards and your tree groves.

     [12] “Six days you’ll do your work, and on the seventh day you’ll rest, so that your animals and the servants may rest, and the foreigner may be refreshed.

     [13] “Be careful to do everything that I have told you; and don’t call on the name of other gods, nor let them even be heard coming out of your mouth.

     [14-16] “You’ll keep a feast to Me three times a year. You’ll keep the Feast of Bread without yeast. Seven days you’ll eat bread without yeast, as I told you, at the time chosen in the month Abib (for in it you came out from Egypt), and no one will come before Me without an offering. And the Feast of Harvest, the first-fruits of your work, which you plant in the field: and the Feast of Harvest’s End, at the end of the year, when you gather in your works out of the field.

     [17] Three times in the year all your males will come before Yahweh God.

     [18] Don’t offer the blood of My sacrifice with bread made from yeast, nor let the fat of My feast stay all night until morning.

     [19] The first of the harvests of your land you’ll bring into the house of Yahweh your God. Don’t boil a young animal in its mother’s milk.

     [20-23] See, I’m sending an angel before you, to keep you safe on the way, and to bring you into the place which I have set aside for you. Pay attention, and listen. Don’t make My angel angry, who won’t excuse your disobedience. This angel has My name. But if you listen to My angel, and do all that I speak, then I’ll be an enemy to your enemies, and come against those who come against you. My angel will go before you, and bring you in to the land of the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Canaanite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite; and I’ll kill them off.

     [24] Don’t bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do what they do, but you’ll completely overthrow them and destroy their alters.

     [25] You’ll serve Yahweh your God, who will bless your bread and water, and I’ll heal you from sickness. No one will miscarry a baby or not be able to have children in your land. I’ll give you a long, full life.

     [27-28] I’ll send My fear before you, and will confuse all the people you come to, and I’ll make all your enemies run from you. I’ll send hornets before you, which will drive them out from before you.

     [29-30] I won’t drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land become desolate and the animals of the field multiply against you. Little by little I’ll drive them out from before you, until you have increased and inherit the land.

     [31-] I’ll set your border from the Red Sea even to the sea of the Philistines, and from the countryside to the River; for I’ll put the inhabitants of the land in your power, and you’ll drive them out before you.

     [32] Make no agreement with them, or with their gods.

     [33] Don’t let them stay in your land, or they’ll make you sin against Me. If you serve their gods, it will without a doubt be a trap to you.”

     24[1-3] Then God said to Moses, “Come up to Yahweh, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship from a distance.But only Moses will come up to Yahweh, and the rest won’t come close.”So Moses came and told the people everything Yahweh had said, and all the rules; and all the people answered with one voice, and said, ” We’ll do everything Yahweh has said.”

     [4-8] Then Moses wrote down everything Yahweh had said, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar at the base of the mountain and set up twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel.Then he sent young men of the people of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace-offerings of oxen to Yahweh.Then Moses took half of the blood and put it in pans and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.And he took the book of the promise and read it to the people, and they said, “We’ll do everything Yahweh has said, and obey it.”So Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Look, this is the blood of the promise, which Yahweh has made with you with all these words.”

     [9-12] Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up and saw the God of Israel. Under God’s feet was like a paved work of sapphire stone, clear as the sky.But God didn’t touch the elders of the people of Israel. When they saw God, they ate and drank.Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Come up to Me on the mountain, and stay here and I’ll give you the slabs of stone with the law and the rules that I have written, that you may teach them.”

     [13-18] So Moses rose up with Joshua, his servant, and Moses went up onto God’s Mountain.Then God said to the elders, “Wait here for us, until we come again to you. See, Aaron and Hur are with you. Whoever has a problem can go to them.”So Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain.Then the light of Yahweh settled on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. The seventh day God called to Moses out of the middle of the cloud.The light of Yahweh looked like a great fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the people of Israel.So Moses entered into the middle of the cloud, and went up on the mountain; and Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

     25[1-7] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, to take an offering for Me. Take My offering from everyone whose heart is willing.Take from them gold, silver, and brass metals,blue, purple, and scarlet linens, goats` hair,red sheepskin, leather, acacia wood,oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for good smelling incense,onyx stones and other valuable stones to be set in the back piece and the chest piece.

     [8-16] Let them make Me a place of worship that I may be with them. Make everything how I show you, both the tent and its furniture.They’ll make a box of acacia wood. It will be about three feet, nine inches long, and about two feet, three inches wide and high.Overlay it with pure gold, inside and out, and make a gold molding around it.Cast four golden rings for it, and put them in its four feet, with two rings on each side of it.Then make poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold.Put the poles into the rings on the sides of the box to carry the it.Keep the poles in the rings of the box and don’t take them from it.Put the law which I’ll give you into the box.

     [17-22] Make a Seat of Forgiveness of pure gold, about three feet nine inches long, and two feet, three inches wide.Make two angelic beings of hammered gold. You’ll make them at the two ends of the Seat of Forgiveness.Make one angelic being at one end, and the other one at the other end. You’ll make the angelic beings on each end of the lid with the Seat of Forgiveness.The angelic beings will spread out their wings upward, covering the Seat of Forgiveness with their wings, with their faces facing each other. The faces of the angelic beings will face the Seat of Forgiveness.Put the Seat of Forgiveness on top of the box, and in the box you’ll put the law that I’ll giveYou. I’ll meet with you there, above the Seat of Forgiveness, from between the two angelic beings which are on the box of the law,  I’ll tell you all the laws and rules for the people of Israel.

     [23-28] Then make a table of acacia wood. about three feet long, and eighteen inches wide, and two feet three inches high.Overlay it with pure gold, and make a gold molding around it.Make a rim of about  four inches around it. Make a golden molding on its rim all around it.Make four rings of gold for it, and put the rings in the four corners that are on its four feet.The rings will be close to the rim, for places for the poles to carry the table.Make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be carried with them.

     [29-30] Make dishes, spoons, ladles, and bowls of pure gold to pour out offerings with.  Then set bread of the presence on the table before Me always.

     [31-40] Make a lamp stand of pure gold. Make it of beaten work, with its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers, all of one piece.There will be six branches going out of its sides with three branches out of  one side, and three branches out of the other side; with cups made like almond blossoms, with buds and flowers, in each branch, for all six branches of the lamp stand;and in the lamp stand four cups made like almond blossoms, with buds and flowers;and a bud under every two branches of the six branches of the lamp stand.The buds and branches will be all one piece, all of it one beaten work of pure gold.Make it have seven lamps, and they’ll light its lamps to give light to the area in front of it.Its tools and its trays will be of pure gold.It will be made of about 190 pounds of pure gold, with all the tools.See that you make them after the pattern, which has been shown to you on the mountain.

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