The Caribbean Sea is located adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean, south of the Gulf of Mexico. This sea is situated on the Caribbean plate. It is located in the Western hemisphere. This entire region comprises of islets, reefs cays and more than seven thousand islands and is collectively known as Caribbean. It is one of the largest salt water seas.
The names of islands in the Caribbean Sea are Cuba, Dominica, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Tabago( smaller island of Trindand and Tobago), Vieques, Martinique ( France), Hispaniola, Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles), Aruba and Isla de la Juventud.
The tourist’s activities such as Deep Sea Diving and fishing are the main contributors of the economy of the Caribbean nations. It supports the largest tourism industry. The main activities of tourism which are the major contributors of the economy of this region are snorkeling and scuba diving on the coral reefs. This sea is also the largest producer of oil in the world. It produces approximately one hundred and seventy million tons per year.
History of Caribbean Sea:
The name Caribbean is derived from the Caribs which is one of the dominant American Indian groups. This sea is an unknown body of water to the people of Eurasia. It was known to them only after Christopher Columbus sailed into the Caribbean Sea while trying to find a route to Asia. It is a home to twenty nine percent of the world’s coral reefs.
This area today comprises of twenty two island territories and borders twelve continental borders. The Caribbean Sea is the most popular destination for tourists. The main reasons responsible for this are scenic destinations, abundant sunshine, trade winds and tropical temperatures. All these factors have also resulted in the expansion of the cruise industry in the sea.
Climate, geology and size of the Caribbean Sea:
The extent of the Caribbean Sea is about 2,754,000 square kilometers. The deepest trench on this sea is at 24,721 ft below the sea level and is known as Cayman trough. The water of this sea is clear and warm. It is less salty than the AtlanticSea.
Earthquakes and volcanic activity are very common in this sea. Tropical storms and hurricanes are also formed in this region. The weather of this sea is largely influenced by the gulf Stream and Humboldt Current ocean currents.
Hurricanes in this region pose a threat to the coral reefs in this region. These reefs can be damaged by the when the hurricane dumps huge amount of mud or sand on the reef or can have damaging effects due to the violent wave action.
Life under the Caribbean Sea:
The marine life of the Caribbean Sea includes the Sea Turtles, dolphins, Whales, mammals, sea snakes, morganism, and Deep Sea Fishes. The warm waters of this deep sea are a home to marine creatures such as swordfish, hammerhead sharks, barracuda and marlin. The turtles such as hawksbill and turtles come to seashore to lay their eggs. Coral reefs found in this region are responsible for supporting some of the diverse habitats in the world.