Digital distribution is a system that allows information to circulate on the Internet in the form of products and services. The phenomena that have allowed the expansion of this type of distribution are manifold:
– Spread of broadband connections such as ADSL;
– The introduction of multimedia computers;
– Development of user-friendly software.
The sphere of interest in the digital distribution covers all paper, audio-visual and musical, using different methods of compression, allowing the use of a product on multiple platforms. The huge advantage of digitization is the availability of databases that are up to date and rich in content accessible by any user.
There are several options for distributing software over the Internet. In the digital distribution of major protocols – this entails HTTP, P2P, or FTP.
Systems that distribute proprietary software usually contain technical means of protection of copyright, that is, do not allow to sell copies of the same many times.
a) Pay2Play (Pay and Play). – First pay, then play.
b) Try before you buy – First, download and get the opportunity to sample. If you like the game and have a desire to play again, then you need to pay a certain sum. The user gets the opportunity to play as much as he pleases by entering a special serial number.
c) Advertising – in this case the game is completely free, but you have to watch the in-game ads.
d) Subscription – by paying a monthly fee, you can play all the games from a certain set, rendered by a given digital distributor. There are also individual subscription to one specific game and at different times (including unlimited).
Access to libraries for viewing documents is almost always free of charge, in some cases. However, to listen to a song or read a text you must buy it by credit card. There are many search engines that sell media content under copyright such as the iTunes Music Store library that offers users the ability to watch a preview to ensure the security of your purchase.
Digital distribution has, however, caused the spread of a phenomenon particularly common in the form of illegal file sharing. This is a distribution of media files through programs that use peer-to-peer sharing involving copyrighted content. There are many cases where, in addition to illegally downloading from the Internet, you exploit the multimedia content for commercial purposes through piracy.
The solutions to limit piracy and file sharing are implemented on multiple fronts. To put a stop to file sharing some Internet Service Providers slow down your connection that is using a P2P protocol, in order to complicate the exchange of illegal files.