Following on from my previous article here on Bukisa about how to throw a strong punch, which looked at the general principles that you need to know in order to throw a good punch with plenty of power in it, I thought I would move on to take a look at some specific punching techniques, beginning with the ‘hook’.
A hook is a circular punch striking your opponent on the side of their head or body. It is a very powerful punch and is often the one that will get a knock out in boxing or mixed martial arts fights. Here are my top tips and pointers for getting it right:
- Aim for your opponents weak spots. With a hook punch this means striking the temple or the jaw. When striking the jaw, closer to the chin end than the ear end is better.
- The element of suprise is paramount. Of course that is always going to be true with any self defense / martial arts technique, but it is particularly important here. That is because a hook punch is unlikely to be very painful, or open up cuts on you opponents face and so on, as straight punches can. It’s value lies in the higher getting a KO or at least stunning your opponent for a second or two. The chances of this happening are massively increase if your opponent doesn’t see the punch coming in time to brace themselves for it.
- The hook is a close range punch, so your fist should not come out a long way in front of your body. Wildy flailing your arms in big circles is not a good idea, because even the slowest opponent will find it very easy to get out of the way. If you are not right up toe to toe with your opponent, it is much better to step forwards into the punch than to widen the cirlce of the strike. The movement should begin with the feet, and generally the fist you are going to strike with should come back in towards your body a little so that it almost touches your shoulder or chin, before striking from there. This will help to make it a stronger strike.
- Because of points 2 and 3 the hook is usually, although not always, most effectively used either as a counter strike, or as a follow up (the second or third strike in a combination) rather than as a leading attack.
- Make sure that you get plenty of twist from your torso as you throw it, and try to put your whole body weight behind your fist.