Il Lago Di Bolsena: The Volcanic Lake in Italy and Its Two Islands

The lake of Bolsena is located in the Latium region, north of Viterbo, in Bolsena which is about 30 kilometers of the city of Viterbo. Bolsena comes from an old Etruscan city named Vulsinii and about 300,000 years ago it is said that there was a Volcano and now there is the lake of Bolsena and now it is one of the cleanest lakes in Italy. Bolsena is known in particularly for the miracle of the Corpus Domini and for the plastic tables carried out by observers on the eve of Santa Cristina’s festival, which also happens to be the patron of the city. The city still has the idea of the medieval architecture but is mixed with more new architecture as well.

The lake has an interesting particular to it, as it actually hosts two small islands inside one called Bisentina and the other one called Martana.

The Bisentina island is the largest of the two and of offers a great tourist excursion, which can be reached from Capodimonte (which is a municipality of the city of Viterbo located 20 kilometers northwest of the city near the Bolsena lake) via ferry service. And you can also have a guided tour, while you look and take pictures of the spotless nature which combines evergreen oak trees, Italian gardens but as well as art and architecture such as the Church of San Giacomo and San Cristoforo, the convent of Franciscan monks and the Rocchina which is a small temple dedicated to Santa Caterina but also you can see in this small island the Malta dei Papi prison built for the ecclesiastics of that to time that were found guilty of heresy; even though the history of this tiny island has precedents in the Etruscan and Roman times where they found refugee from the Saracens. After so many exchange of ownership of the island between Church and several prince’s and kings, now the island is of property of the princess Angelica del Drago.

The other island, called the Martana, is the smaller of the two, and it is said that a long time ago the island had gurarded the relics of Santa Cristina, so that they would not go into barbarian hands. Currently the island is privately owned and there is no access or trespassing on it.