Have been developed and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) plans for a family shelter space to be used in case of natural disasters. Plans room safe, Research Texas Tech University, and come in a variety of designs for rooms in the basement and ground floor rooms in houses without basements.
Strengthening and building safe rooms to get out of reinforced concrete, concrete block, or wood framed walls with plywood and steel packaging. It covers the ceiling of the room with a similar structural / roof independent of the structure of the house. Everything is linked to the organization from the top of the safe room to resist the forces generated during the lifting of a hurricane or cyclone. External materials and structure of the safe room and the impact resistance to protect the passengers from the wreckage windborne.
To build or not to build
In the event of a hurricane, the presence of shelter in the home be well worth the time and money. Due to hurricanes occur without warning or not, there is no time to escape to the shelter community well-built, and left in the car at the time is dangerous.
Hurricanes can be seen for days by satellite before it reaches the ground, so the family has some time to move to a safer location away from the coast. Leave the area where the hurricane is going to hit better than riding in a shelter in the house.
However, where a hurricane landfall is difficult to predict, and predictions of land may come too late to allow the families to get away. This was the case when Hurricane Floyd threatened Florida in 1999. When Hurricane Floyd was packing winds of 155 mph (just under the title (5), and wheezing in the direction of the east coast of Florida, and residents caught in a dead end road, because a lot of people were trying to flee at the same time.
Construction plans and estimated costs
Each house has its own design offers the best place to get shelter in the house, but the basement sites and internal safer because it provides more protection from windborne debris flying. You must be a shelter in the house anchored to adequately house foundations, and must be designed in the walls and roof to resist the effects of windborne debris that can be built through the walls and usually blown ceilings.
In areas prone to hurricane, shelter should be located at a level not prone to flooding. If the home has a basement, not in an area prone to flooding, have below grade in the basement is the best place. If the house does not have a basement and slab-on-grade, making the shelter in the home interior room may be the safest location.
Federal guide, entitled “Taking shelter from the storm: building a safe room inside your home,” plans to provide several different types of shelters in the home and shelter in the ground as well. And can be built wood frame or concrete block and concrete. All plans and details and a list of articles. Can be under the plans to a contractor for the estimates.
Has developed these costs in the Guide to Federal together by the National Association of Home Builders. Depending on the type of shelter in the house, and the size of the shelter at home, and the type of building a house (ie, the basement slab on grade, crawl space), and set the estimated cost of $ 2,000 to $ 6,000 for new construction. Retrofitting an existing house cost more than that.
To request a free copy of “Taking Shelter from the Storm: Building a safe room inside your home” (FEMA 320), call 1-888-565-3896. The manual is divided into three sections: Understanding the risks of wind and shelter your planning, and building your shelter.
State Farm believes that the information contained in this disaster is to stay at home, accurate and reliable. We can not, however, to ensure the performance of all items demonstrated or described in all cases. Always consult an experienced contractor or other expert to determine the best application of these ideas or products in your home.