Ethics and morality are often assimilated. Morality is the subject of ethics. It has existed since the advent of man, but as a doctrine dates back to later. Naive is to be equated ethics with morality. MORAL reflects the total lines /orderliness/ in thinking. IN ORDER – means the extent permitted a thinking and behavior and whether it is consistent with the requirements of society and our internal requirements. With external requirements individual is obliged to comply. Otherwise, follow the sanctions. Internal beliefs, it is moral “Ego”, everyone has it, conscious or not. The phrase:“This guy is decent” means that it complies with certain rules,its consistent, its moral. Conversely, if a person does’t comply with generally accepted rules about it say it’s immoral. Animals also observe a certain order by instinct, bees, ants. Thanks to this line they survive- without order can’t exist. Therefore, the order is inherent and animal and human. In human society can be distinguished in general internal and external form of lines that are much more complex than the basic forms in the animal kingdom.
1. EXTERNAL / legal system / – regulated by law. We must respect those laws. External shape is the organization of society in institutions that are based on” Rule of law” and act by imposing certain laws.
2. INTERNAL-laws that govern the behavior of each person and relationship in society, without necessarily those Laws are regulated or even saved. We know that talking about “written” and “unwritten” laws. Unwritten laws may also lead to sanctions by society because they violated its traditions, customs and moral norms, ie adherence to “tacit commandments”. In most developed form, however“unwritten law” act as their own moral guidance, so that man like splits, facing his own consciousness. Conscience is the inner moral law of the man who always asks: Did I do it right? Example: if someone steals, it falls under the sanction of at least three types of laws. First is concern the entire society law-Penal Code, punishable by fine, imprisonment or other. This law is primarily interested in the fact of theft and that is violated property rights. Environment in which man lives, could also punish him in terms of the old traditional morality, which was brought up. His family would then have said: “Aren’t you ashamed of the people?. Public opinion can also be as a penalty, regardless of whether they stole served legal sanction. On the other hand the thief can be punished according to the principles and the religious community to which it belongs, because he transgressed the commandment of God:“Don’t steal!” Here things to rely more that has ceased to be a good Christian, not just a good citizen. At the core of consciousness that is a responsibility, there is the CONSCIENCE of man. Eventually, the thief can stand trial on his conscience. Then no matter so much the fact of theft as the motive / what actually led him to steal / and degree of development of moral sense, in this case a sense of responsibility / ie whether he ever considered theft as something bad. The question that one wonders whether the theft then it has made happier by prejudicing the others, whether their own happiness is achieved through others’ misfortune. If his conscience is developed enough, she is developing like any other quality in man, – he turned to historical experience. This experience tells him something simple, fixed and moral and religious imperative:”Do not do tothe others what you do not want to happen to you” and“Who dig another grave, alone falls on it”. Plato says:“Best would be an army of lovers, who in front of your favorite do heroic deeds, beware not to put”. The personshould have the common sense to be able to develop and reach the qualities that make PERSONALITY. Personality predisposes to the development of moral consciousness, art, how to live, not how to steal. There is a natural aspiration of the need for knowledge, whence he came and what a man seeks what is happiness, love, what is the meaning of his life. “Man and living well, dies. And after another is born, remains the only creation …..”. The life of every person is unique, unique. Man alone must determine its actions. Values are transmitted from generation to generation in a particular order system. This simple experience, whose conclusions philosophers call sanity, is the basis of everyday morality of the individual which is defined as a set of rules of conduct. If the person has a predisposition to develop a moral consciousness to find art, life guidance and allowing in each case creatively apply the rules, it turns now to the knowledge of morality, which is an integral part of philosophy. But striving for this type of knowledge is perhaps the most natural human desire, because it relates to so-called philosophy. Almost no one who does’t care what the meaning of life, what is it for happiness, love, friendship, how to resolve moral dilemmas in everyday life, of what makes the choice in many difficult situations, WHAT IS GOOD AND WHAT IS EVIL. The life of every person is unique and deserves to be lived not how unique is it- but as a work of art to live-ARS VIVENDI.
Modern ethics does’t refuse to seek harmony of external and internal. Harmony brings pleasure, happiness in life. Different cultures have different norms, values, they interact. The more is this communication, the better. Moral truth is not a last resort, it is not property. Moral conduct the act of inner conviction, it is an attitude to make the choice. Morality is a system of values and ethics of the good requires this– It’s outside imputed debt. Morality, it must be inside of the self.