The Amazon rain forest is one of the largest rain forests and covers several countries. A rain forest is defined by having six and a half inches of rainfall annually and usually having a canopy. There are two kinds of rain forests, tropical and temperate. Temperate rain forests are not as warm as tropical rain forests. The Amazon rain forest is the largest tropical rain forest reaching around 3.5 million square miles. It is so huge that if the Amazon rain forest would be made into a country it would be the ninth largest country. It covers Brazil, Peru and several other countries in South America
The Amazon rain forest is very important because it holds much diversity and possible cures for diseases. In the Amazon rain forest there is more biodiversity than any other place on earth with over 30 million species of insects and 500 mammal species and almost the same amount of reptiles, and 20 percent of the world’s bird species. It is also rich in plant life with over 500 species in a single two-and-a-half-acre plot. All this vegetation absorbs carbon dioxide and converts it to oxygen. The supply of oxygen generated from the plants is estimated at 20 percent of the world’s oxygen. With all these species in the Amazon rain forest, it is very important, in holding a big percent of the whole world’s species. Losing it could be the end of the world’s diversity and the plants that could be a cure to a variety of diseases.
The Amazon rain forest faces many threats to its survival and every thing that lives in it. The destruction of the Amazon rain forest has happened from many ways; including loggers, farmers, ranchers, and mining operations. Possibly the biggest threat to the Amazon rain forest is oil exploration. A Texas size chunk of the rain forest has been approved for exploration by several countries. These threats help to kill off an estimate of 130 species of plants, animals, and insects every day. Many of the species are faced with extinction before even being identified. The destruction of the Amazon rain forest is coming at a fast pace with already 20 percent gone, and more headed for what would remove many species from the earth.