The Royal Palace of Caserta in Italy: Italian and English Style Gardens

According to the Beni Culturali website of Caserta the Reggia of Caserta is the former royal residence built for the Bourbon kings during the kingdom of the two Sicily’s in the 18th century and at the time it resulted as the largest castle built in Europe.According to  the reggia di Caserta beni culturali website, Caserta is in the Campania region and it has a population of about 80,000 and it is the third largest city in the region after Naples and Salerno, what makes Caserta popular is the Reggia, which is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and a world heritage site is a place of either cultural or physical significance so if in Italy one must go visit this palace.

According to the Italian Wikipedia, Carlo III of Spain (Charles III) and later also king of Naples and the two Sicily is the one that wanted the Reggia of Caserta to be built and he wanted a palace that could compete with the one of Versailles even though they are different in many ways. And one of the main reasons to create this palace was to protect the court from potential attacks from the Mediterranean Sea, and the palace was in fact a small town in itself with a great library, a theatre and also a university. The architect that started the project, Luigi Vanvitelli, died in 1773 leaving his son Carlo to finish it up and the palace was completed in 1780.

But if the inside of the palace is breathtaking, make sure not to miss the gardens. There are two styles of the park outside, one is the Italian style garden and the other one is the English style garden. The whole park is extended from behind to the front of the Reggia for three kilometers.

The Italian style garden extends itself on the left side of the palace and you can see the “Peschiera Grande” which is where they got fish to serve at court. According to the Reggia di Caserta Beni Culturali site, the fountain Margherita closes the Italian garden and opens up the passage to the English garden with a path with various fountains as the one with the dolphins, and the one of Venus and Adonis.