The Teen Pregnancy

The Teen Pregnancy
Birth rates among teenage mothers in the U.S. increased for the first time in 15 years 1 after the continuing decline between 1991 and 2005. The rates are still high in this country and outperform those of most countries , High rates of births to teenage mothers are a major concern as the health of them and their babies face increased risks and opportunities to build a future decline.

Here are some important facts about teen pregnancy:

     In 2006, more than 10 percent of all births in the U.S. were to mothers under 20 years of age.2 Most births to teenage mothers (about 67 percent) are girls aged between 18 and 19 years age.2

The rate of teenage pregnancies fell by 40 percent between 1990 and 2005 (from 116.8 to 70.6 per 1,000) .

 However, in 2005, about 725.000 teens ages 15 to 19 became pregnant, and about 415.000 gave Birth.
 About 3 in 10 teenage girls become pregnant at least once before 20 years of age.

The rate of births to teenage mothers increased in 2006. Between 2005 and 2006, the index rose 3 percent (from 41 to 42 of every 1,000 women) . This increase came after a 14 consecutive years between 1991 and 2005, when the index fell by a third (from 62 to 41 per 1,000 women) . In 2006 (the latest year for which data are available), about four teenagers in 100 had a baby.

Approximately one in four teenage mothers under 18 has a second baby within two years after the birth of the first.

Teen mothers are more likely than mothers over 20 years of having a premature birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy). Between 2003 and 2005, preterm birth rates averaged 14.5 percent among women under 20 years of age compared with 11.9 percent among women aged between 20 and 29 years, Premature babies are at higher risk to suffer health problems.