The following tips offer a good guide on how to take extra care in the sun, and prevent skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin:
1. Know if you are at risk – Some people are at a higher risk of permanent skin damage and skin cancer than others. Take extra care if you are at extra risk.
2. Choose the right time – Avoid exposure to the sun when UV rays are at their most damaging – between 10am and 3pm. If you must be outside during these hours, pay extra attention to other protective measures.
3. Seek out, or supply shade – If you’re outside, find some shade under a tree or structure, especially in the middle of the day. Take a beach umbrella or pop-up sun shelter with you. It is also important to seek shade and protect your skin on hazy or cloudy days. The UV rays will still penetrate haze and clouds.
4. Wear a broad-brimmed hat – Broadbrimmed hats made of close-knit fibres offer the best protection for your face, head, neck and ears. Caps fail to protect your ears, shoulders and the back of your neck, so apply sunscreen if you must wear one.
5. Wear protective clothing – Clothing provides an excellent barrier between your skin and the sun. Choose long-sleeved shirts made of tightly woven fabric to maximise sun protection. When held up to the light, the less you can see through a material, the better your protection. Collared shirts also provide protection to your neck.