From 1895, the year of the creation of cinema, the coil Serpentine Dance created a stir at theUniversal Exhibition of 1893 in Chicago at the point where it was destroyed some years later. The following year, the first screen kiss in The Kiss, between John C. Rice and May Irwin, triggered the controversy: a reporter from Chicago Tribune calls the police action “against this obscenity.”
The censorship appears in 1907 in the United States and 1909 in England and France. From there, the nudity is revealed in two alternative routes, the first underground, with production of erotic tapes for middle classes, the second, general public, as a suggestion. To show more than a bare shoulder, you need a alibi, that of a society “decadent” in the past as in Cabiria in 1914. The figure of the femme fatale appears for the first time in A Fool There Was (1915) in the guise of Theda Bara.
To create a semblance of eroticism, the filmmakers play with shadows and transparencies. Erich von Stroheim, Hervé Bazin called “the Marquis de Sade film, multiplies the love scenes in the moonlight and rape in Foolish Wives (1922), The Symphony Bridal (1928), Wedding of Prince (1927) and Queen Kelly (1928).
Promoted by Senator William Hays and adopted by Hollywood studios, the Hays Code lays down precise rules of morality: the necklines are limited back waist, front until the birth of her breasts, and navel can be shown. The “improper movement” are prohibited.
If Tarzan is shirtless, exotic forces, the evolution of uniforms Jane in the series produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer with Johnny Weissmuller is obvious: in Tarzan the Ape Man (1932) and Tarzan and his mate ( 1934) that she is wearing an animal skin that does not hide much, in Tarzan Escapes (1936) is coated with a combination that does not at all worth its forms. U.S. producers are going to play with allusions. The sexual fetishism reaches a sort of golden age. Actresses breasts develop stronger and stronger. As Mae West, the newspaper magnate William Hearst called “a lecherous monster”, succeeds Jane Russell. Advertising the film The Outcast of Howard Hughes is mainly based on its ample bosom, which delayed the release of the film for three years. In 1946, a strip still appears to be the height of eroticism when Rita Hayworth only removes his glove in Gilda.
European cinema is freer than its American counterpart. In 1933, Ecstasy of Czechoslovakia Gustav Machatý, Hedy Lamarr appears naked out of her bath. The U.S. government will symbolically burn a copy in 1935. In France, the sun rises (1936), Arletty is naked in the shower but the plan will be cut by the censors.
In the early days of Hollywood shortly after the development of film-making as an industry, moralists objected to the amount of nudity, sexuality, criminality and violence portrayed in films. Censorship boards were set up in various states and controls began to be imposed, often on a voluntary basis, once moving pictures became widespread and available to mass viewing audiences (encouraged by the popularity of nickelodeons, first called “arcade peepshows”). However, the vast complexity of various local, state and national censorship laws added to the problem of enforcement, i.e. in some states an ankle couldn’t be displayed, or pregnancy couldn’t be mentioned.
To appease various groups worried about the powerful effects of movies on the mainstream and growing resentment of the ‘get-rich’ quick Hollywood mentality, the film industry made some efforts to self-censor its own production.
There are moments of cinema that remain: a lascivious pose a languorous kiss, a look that speaks volumes, all of us have keys sexy thrills. GQ has decided to record all these moments in a mythical list. Back on these moments of grace with the selection Topito among these 50 scenes that were dated.
- Marilyn Monroe Seven Year Itch Billy Wilder (1955):a skirt that flies and it is the consecration
- Anita Ekberg in La Dolce Vita Federico Fellini (1960):you do not ever bathe in a fountain in the same way.
- Sharon Stone, Basic Instinct, Paul Verhoeven (1992):Crossing the leg on which Sharon is still his career.
- Kim Basinger, 9 ½ weeks of Adrian Lyne (1986):“You Can Leave Your Hat On”.We agree.
- Ursula Andress, James Bond 007 Dr No cons Terence Young (1962):out of the water, it is an art.
- Laura Harling, David Lynch’s Mulholland Drive (2001):An incredible light for a Sapphic kiss.
- Scarlett Johansson, Match Point Woody Allen (2004):Scarlett, it was almost like rain.
- Mena Suvari, American Beauty Sam Mendes (1999):bath pink, it disturbs.
- Brigitte Bardot, Contempt Jean-Luc Godard (1963):And my ass, you like my bum?
Sylvia Kristel, Emmanuelle Just Jaeckin (1974):yes France also has a say, right Sylvia?
And you see in others?