There are different type of power plant; namely solar thermal plant, wind farm, run-of-the-river hydroelectric dam, coal power plant, tidal power plant, solar power plant, nuclear power plant, wave farm, biomass power plant, photovoltaic power plant, geothermal power plant, natural gas power plant, peat power plant, fuel oil power plant, pumped storage power plant and hydroelectric power plant . Here are the 16 largest power plants in the world according to their kind.
1.) SEGS – World’s Largest Solar Thermal Power Plant
The Solar Energy Generating Systems (SEGS)is the world’s largest solar energy generating facility with 354 MW of total capacity. This power plant in Mojave Desert in California, USA consists of nine solar power plants. It is operated and partially owned by NextEra Energy Resources.
2.) Roscoe Wind Farm – World’s Largest Wind Farm
The Roscoe Wind Farm is the world’s largest onshore wind power plant with 781 MW of total capacity. It is located in Roscoe, Texas, USA. It is operated and owned E.ON Climate & Renewables. Is of October 2009, with 627 wind turbines that covers about 100,000 acres, it is the largest wind farm in the world. This mega project cost more than $1 billion and provides enough power for more than 250,000 average Texan homes.
3.) Taichung Power Plant – World’s Largest Emitter of Carbon Dioxide
The Taichung Power Plant is a large coal-fired power plant in Taiwan with an installed capacity of 5,780 MW. This power plant which is the world’s largest coal power station is the largest emitter of carbon dioxide producing 41.3 million tons annually and one of the world’s largest coal-fired power stations. It consists of 10 coal-fired units with nominal capacity of 550 MW each.
4.) Chief Joseph Dam – World’s Largest Run-of-the-River Hydroelectric Dam
Chief Joseph Damis the largest run-of-the-river hydroelectric dam in the world with a capacity of 2,620 MW. It is the second largest hydroelectric power producer in the US. This is a 1,817 m long hydro electric dam that spans the Columbia River. This hydroelectric dam is operated by the USACE Chief Joseph Dam Project Office.
5.) Ranch Tidal Power Plant – World’s Largest Tidal Power Plant
The Rance Tidal Power Station is the first tidal power station in the world. With a peak rating of 240 MW, it is the world’s largest tidal power station. This structure is situated on the estuary of the Rance River in Brittany, France. Its operation started in 1966 and the power it produces is generated by 24 turbines. The tidal basin measures 22.5 km2.
6.) Andasol Solar Power Station – World’s Largest Solar Power Station
The Andasol Solar Power Station is the largest solar power station in the world. The station occupies about 200 hectares of land. It is located in Granada, Spain and is the first parabolic trough power plant in Europe. Its thermal storage system has the capability to store power for evening use or when sky is overcast. A full thermal reservoir holds 1,010 MW·h of heat, enough to run the turbine for about 7.5 hours at full-load, in case it rains or after sunset. This solar power plant supply electricity to more than 200,000 people in the area.
7.) Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant – World’s Largest Nuclear Power Plant
The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant is the largest nuclear power plant in the world. This very large power plant is located on a 4.2 km² site in the Niigata Prefecture, Japan on the coast of the Sea of Japan. It is owned and operated by The Tokyo Electric Power Company or TEPCO. This plant, which is the world’s largest nuclear generating station in the world, was near the epicenter of the strongest earthquake to ever occur at a nuclear plant in 2007. It was completely shut down for 21 months following the earthquake. Two units since 2009 are now operational.
8.) Agucadoura Wave Farm – World’s Largest Wave Farm
The Aguçadoura Wave Farm is not just the first commercial wave farm in the world it is also the largest power plant of its kind with a total installed capacity of 2.25 MW. This wave farm is located 5 km offshore near Povoa de Varsim, Portugal. It provides electricity to more than 1,500 Portuguese homes.
9.) World’s Largest Biomass Power Station
Alholmens Kraft Power Station, located in the beautiful country of Finland, is the world’s largest biomass power station with an installed capacity of 265 Mega Watt. With 400 employees, the power plant is specifically located in Alholmen, Jakobstad. This huge power plant is also known as Jakobstad Power Station.
10.) Three Gorges Dam – World’s Largest Hydroelectric Power Plant
The Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest hydroelectric river dam that spans the Yangtze River in Hubei, China. It is the largest hydroelectric power plant and the largest electricity-generating plant of any kind in the world with over 18,000 MW of total capacity. The construction of the dam started in 1994 and will be operational in 2011. Its total cost is $26 billion and its reservoir has a surface capacity of 1,045 km2.
11.) Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park – World’s Largest Photovoltaic Power Station
The Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park in Olmedilla de Alarcon, Spain with peak generation of 60 MW is the largest photovoltaic power plant in the world. This power plant was built in 2008 using more than 160,000 solar photovoltaic panels producing sufficient electricity to power more than 40,000 homes
12.) Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Station – World’s Largest Geothermal Power Plant
Cerro Prieto Geothermal Power Stationis the world’s largest geothermal power station with an installed capacity of 720 MW. This large powerful plant is located in Baja California, USA. Additional 820 MW is expected to be installed by 2012.
13.) Bath County Pumped Storage Station – World’s Largest Pumped Storage Station
The Bath County Pumped Storage Station, which is located in Virginia, USA is the largest pumped storage hydroelectric power plant in the world with an average generation capacity of 2.7 GW and production capacity of 2,100 MW. This pumped storage station has two reservoirs separated by about 380 m in elevation. This station, that begun operation in 1985, is jointly owned by Allegheny Power System and Dominion Generation.
14.) Kawagoe Power Station – World’s Largest Natural Gas Power Station
The largest natural gas power station in the world is located in Kawagoe, Mie, Japan – the Kawagoe Power Station. This large gas-fired power station operatesat an installed capacity of 4,802 MW, making it the world’s largest power station of its kind.
15.) Shatura Power Station – World’s Largest Peat Power Plant
The Shatura Power Station is the largest peat power plant in the world with 1,100 MW of total capacity. It is located in Shatura, Moscow Oblast, Russia and one of the country’s oldest power station built in 1925.
16.) Surgut-2 Power Station – World’s Largest Fuel Oil Power Plant
The Surgut-2 Power Station in Russia is the largest oil-fired power station in the world, with an installed capacity of 4,800 MW in 2009. Russia is planning to triple this capacity by the end of 2011.
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